The post-graduate Master on Artificial Intelligence: law and ethics of emerging technologies aims to provide students with technical and legal skills on Artificial Intelligence (“A.I.”), moving from the general categories of law and philosophical knowledge to then articulate in specific areas and models for current and future applications of A.I.
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After providing students with basic skills will be, therefore, analyzed and in-depth legal affairs, but not only, mainly involved by the advent of A.I., with particular reference to:
- Technologies, – M.L, A.I. and evolutionary profile (IoT, Blockchain and DAO):the aim is the analysis of digital transformation, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, and their application to the latest technologies with the definition and the analysis of Internet of Things, Blockchain and Decentralized Autonomous Organization.
- Philosophy of the A.I.: will be analyzed profiles related to a philosophy of the A.I. who knows how to express the dual anthropological value (i) on the nature of the world (monism, dualism, single-dual visions); and (ii) on the constitution of the human being (machine, animal, man).
- Ethics of the A.I.:will be discussed the ethical aspects of the A.I. both general – general ethic of the A.I. – and particular – particular ethic of the A.I. – which follow. Anthropological-ethical paradigms that will emerge, will be evaluated according to their social impact and integral development of the human person, in order to achieve the options for an A.I. developed in an ethical way.
- Sociology of the A.I.: will be taken into consideration the sociological impact of the A.I., such as the radical change that it will produce in interactions, habits and social dynamics.
- Economics, markets and taxation of the A.I.: will be examined the economic consequences and the impacts on the A.I. markets, also with specific reference to the competitive and fiscal profiles.
- Constitutional and administrative law: will be faced the impact of the A.I. on the “classic” rights of freedom, as well as the effects of A.I. in the relations between citizens and Public Administration and public services.
- Legal subjectivity: since the times of slavery – definitively abolished only in recent times – we had to question the juridical relevant consequences of activities carried out by intelligent beings, without their own subjectivity and, if anything, object of others rights.
- Labour law:with regard to labour, the aim is to demonstrate how the introduction of robots and systems based on A.I. in the society able to replace man in work activities, can be applied merely to manual-repetitive activities and not to cognitive-creative activities, thus avoiding the occurrence of social tensions. Will be also analyzed the topic of the employment relationship through A.I. technologies and on the related issue of the protection of workers exposed to the use of these technologies.
- Intellectual properties: the aim is to analyze the applicability of copyright laws to works created by A.I., analyzing how is necessary the determination of criteria and rules for the definition of an intellectual work of a robot with an “electronic legal subjectivity “.
- Protection of private life: the aim is to analyze the possible impact given by the creation of “subjects” equipped with A.I. on private life, the integrity, dignity and autonomy of human beings, emphasizing how it is insufficient apply to the robots the regimes and the traditional categories of our legal system.
- Security: in a perspective of rapid and widespread change in the interactions between human beings and machines, are opened new perspectives regarding the use of robotic systems and A.I. as human assistants in the performance of various social tasks. The objective is therefore to look at the issues related to safety and social welfare in the context of these new forms of human-machine interaction.
- Civil liability: will be examined in depth the topic of the automated liability rules, i.e. the regime of liability of the producers of the automated systems and of the users of the systems themselves.In the governance of new technologies, the aim is to identify, in the legal field, in the replacement and application of robotics to the various activities performed by man, who is liable in the event that the functioning or malfunctioning of an A.I.based system causes harm to humans or to the wider environment.
- Civil procedural law: will be faced the research tools and the assessment of balance and the utilization of A.I. when deciding a lawsuit (in an auxiliary and substitutive function of the judge). Implication on the principle of adversarial proceedings, of orality, of the judge’s liability, of publicizing the decisions and the relative motivations. Will be also faced the relationship between the right to scientific proof, the obligation to motivate and the reflections on the union in the legitimacy of the decision.
- Biotechnologies: the aim is to analyze the possible application of A.I. to biotechnologies, with the study of the so-called “Bio-robots” used for motor rehabilitation, able to connect robotic prostheses to the human body, by ensuring that prostheses are recognized as part of the body itself.
- Health law:the aim is to analyze the application of robotic and A.I. systems already used in the area of health in some specific sectors (general surgery, urology, gynecology, orthopedics, cardiac surgery) and the regulation of ethical requirements for its application.
- Regulation of A.I.: the aim is to go over the legal debate on the state of art and the prospects for the regulation of robotic technologies and A.I., in light of the new European regulatory proposals. The theme will also be faced in an historical-comparative perspective.
- Europlanning:a part of the Master will be dedicated to the study of the definition of projects in European and national public tenders, for the financing of initiatives aimed at the use of A.I. systems in production processes.
The Master aims to provide students with the knowledge needed to understand the impact and the legal capabilities of A.I. and to face the issues to its development and to the dissemination of artificial intelligence systems. The Master proposes an interdisciplinary, legal, ethical and technological approach, regarding the topic, so as to train professionals who are able to operate in the legal / public affairs area of ICT companies’ sectors, in consulting companies and in law firms with strong vocation to the digital innovation, as well as to guide policy choices within companies and public administrations and provide support regarding the drafting of projects for access to EU and national funding in the matter.
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